Sunday, March 19, 2017

Trump's Federal Budget Proposal & How It Could Affect You


Recently the White House released their budget named "America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again." It should be noted that this proposed budget is only a suggestion from the White House for Congress to possibly implement. Congress actually controls the federal budget, so these proposals may not be implemented. However, should the Republicans in congress implement this budget there will be massive cuts to departments and vital programs:
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Proposed Discretionary Budget Changes, By Agency

All dollar amounts are in billions

DEPARTMENT/AGENCY
2017 BUDGET
2018 REQUEST
$ CHANGE
% CHANGE
Defense$521.7$574.0$52.310%
Veterans Affairs$74.5$78.9$4.46%
Health and Human Services$77.7$65.1-$12.6-16%
Education$68.2$59.0-$9.2-14%
Housing and Urban Development
HUD gross total (excluding receipts)$46.9$40.7-$6.2-13%
HUD receipts-$10.9-$9.0$1.9N/A
Homeland Security$41.3$44.1$2.87%
State, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Treasury International Programs$38.0$27.1-$10.9-29%
Energy$29.7$28.0-$1.7-6%
National Nuclear Security Administration$12.5$13.9$1.411%
Other Energy$17.2$14.1-$3.1-18%
Justice
DOJ program level (excluding offsets)$28.8$27.7-$1.1-4%
DOJ mandatory spending changes (CHIMPs)-$8.5-$11.5-$2.9N/A
NASA$19.2$19.1-$0.2-1%
Agriculture$22.6$17.9-$4.7-21%
Transportation$18.6$16.2-$2.4-13%
Interior$13.2$11.6-$1.5-12%
Treasury$11.7$11.2-$0.5-4%
Labor$12.2$9.6-$2.5-21%
Commerce$9.2$7.8-$1.5-16%
Environmental Protection Agency$8.2$5.7-$2.6-31%
Army Corps of Engineers$6.0$5.0-$1.0-16%
Small Business Administration$0.9$0.8*-5%
General Services Administration$0.3$0.5$0.3N/A
Other agencies$29.4$26.5-$2.9-10%
Subtotal$1,068.1$1,065.4-$2.7-0.3%

Notes

* $50 million or less
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As you can see Trump's Budget Slashes funding for several government agencies including, but not limited to the EPA, State, Agriculture, Labor,  Climate Change, Education, NASA, Energy, HUD and a host of others...


Some budget cuts that stand out:

- Housing and Urban Development (HUD)


- Education (DOE)


- Health and Human Services (HHS)


While there are proposed spending hikes and cuts, Trump wants to completely eliminate several programs vital to those are low income and lack access to better resources. These cuts would specifically eliminate 100 percent of funding for Arts, Humanities And Public Media:
  • National Endowment for the Arts. The NEA response:
"Statement from National Endowment for the Arts Chairman Jane Chu on the FY 18 Budget

March 16, 2017

Today we learned that the President’s FY 2018 budget blueprint proposes the elimination of the National Endowment for the Arts. We are disappointed because we see our funding actively making a difference with individuals of all ages in thousands of communities, large, small, urban and rural, and in every Congressional District in the nation.

We understand that the President’s budget request is a first step in a very long budget process; as part of that process we are working with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to prepare information they have requested. At this time, the NEA continues to operate as usual and will do so until a new budget is enacted by Congress.

We expect this news to be an active topic of discussion among individuals and organizations that advocate for the arts. As a federal government agency, the NEA cannot engage in advocacy, either directly or indirectly. We will, however, continue our practice of educating about the NEA’s vital role in serving our nation’s communities."
  • National Endowment for the Humanities. Together, the two groups receive about $300 million annually. The NEH response:
"NEH Chairman William D. Adams Statement on the Proposed Elimination of NEH in FY18 Budget 

Washington, DC (March 16, 2017)  -- National Endowment for the Humanities Chairman William D. Adams released the following statement on the Trump administration’s proposed FY18 budget:

Today the Trump administration released its budget blueprint for the federal government for the upcoming fiscal year.  The budget requests no funding for the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) for fiscal year 2018, which begins on October 1.

We are greatly saddened to learn of this proposal for elimination, as NEH has made significant contributions to the public good over its 50-year history.  But as an agency of the executive branch, we answer to the President and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Therefore, we must abide by this budget request as this initial stage of the federal budget process gets under way. It will be up to Congress over the next several months to determine funding levels for fiscal year 2018. We will work closely with OMB in the coming months as the budget process continues. The agency is continuing its normal operations at this time.

Since its creation in 1965, NEH has established a significant record of achievement through its grant-making programs.  Over these five decades, NEH has awarded more than $5.3 billion for humanities projects through more than 63,000 grants.  That public investment has led to the creation of books, films, museum exhibits, and exciting discoveries. 

These grants have reached into every part of the country and provided humanities programs and experiences that benefit all of our citizens. Residents in Whitesburg, Kentucky are preserving the photographs and films of their local Appalachian region through Appalshop cultural center. Veterans returning from war in Iraq and Afghanistan connect with classic texts and the public through Aquila Theatre. Students, teachers and historians have access to the papers of Founding Father George Washington. Through these projects and thousands of others, the National Endowment for the Humanities has inspired and supported what is best in America."
  • Eliminate funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. The CPB response: 
"Statement from CPB on the President’s Budget Proposal Eliminating Funding for Public Media

Mar 16, 2017

WASHINGTON, D.C. (March 16, 2017) -- Patricia Harrison, president and CEO of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), made the following statement regarding the President’s proposed elimination of federal funding for public media.

“There is no viable substitute for federal funding that ensures Americans have universal access to public media’s educational and informational programming and services. The elimination of federal funding to CPB would initially devastate and ultimately destroy public media’s role in early childhood education, public safety, connecting citizens to our history, and promoting civil discussions – for Americans in both rural and urban communities.

Public media is one of America’s best investments. At approximately $1.35 per citizen per year, it pays huge dividends to every American. From expanding opportunity, beginning with proven children’s educational content to providing essential news and information as well as ensuring public safety and homeland security through emergency alerts, this vital investment strengthens our communities. It is especially critical for those living in small towns and in rural and underserved areas.

Viewers and listeners appreciate that public media is non-commercial and available for free to all Americans. We will work with the new Administration and Congress in raising awareness that elimination of federal funding to CPB begins the collapse of the public media system itself and the end of this essential national service.
  • The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) helps people pay utility bills and weatherize their homes.
  • The Community Development Block Grant (a HUD program).
    • Grants to Meals on Wheels would also likely be eliminated as part of the cuts to the Community Development Block Grant program. Their response:
"MEALS ON WHEELS AMERICA STATEMENT ON BUDGET BLUEPRINT

Mar 16, 2017

March 16, 2017 – Today, the President sent his Budget Blueprint, also known as the “skinny budget,” to Congress with a plan to release further details in the coming months. This blueprint focuses on discretionary spending levels for Fiscal Year 2018, and makes investments in defense programs, paid for through deep cuts to non-defense discretionary (NDD) programs, such as Meals on Wheels.

The portions of the President’s Budget that have been released so far call for the elimination of a number of federal programs, including the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) and Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), on which some local Meals on Wheels programs rely to deliver nutritious meals, safety checks and friendly visits to our nation’s most vulnerable seniors. 

Details on our network’s primary source of funding, the Older Americans Act, which has supported senior nutrition programs for 45 years, have not yet been released. This vital Act provides 35% of the total funding for Meals on Wheels (both congregate and home-delivered programs) nationally. With a stated 17.9% cut to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) budget, however, it is difficult to imagine a scenario in which these critical services would not be significantly and negatively impacted if enacted into law.

“The problem with a skinny budget is it is lean on details. So, while we don’t know the exact impact yet, cuts of any kind to these highly successful and leveraged programs would be a devastating blow to our ability to provide much-needed care for millions of vulnerable seniors in America, which in turn saves billions of dollars in reduced healthcare expenses” said Ellie Hollander, President and CEO Meals on Wheels America.

The need is growing rapidly, and federal funding has not kept pace. The network is already serving 23 million fewer meals now than in 2005, and waiting lists are mounting in every state. At a time when increased funding is needed, we fear that the millions of seniors who rely on us every day for a nutritious meal, safety check and visit from a volunteer will be left behind.

This successful public-private partnership, for which every federal dollar is matched with about three dollars from other sources, enables at-risk seniors to stay out of more expensive healthcare settings and remain more healthy, safe and independent in their own homes, where they want to be. After all, we can provide a senior with Meals on Wheels for an entire year for roughly the same cost of an average one-day stay in the hospital or ten days in a nursing home."

  • Eliminating the Appalachian Regional Commission, which promotes economic development in the region stretching from northern Mississippi to western New York. Many counties in that swath heavily supported Trump in November.

Here is the proposed White House budget: